Whilst madly researching a piece for next week (or the week after, depends how I get on) I was looking for something lovely to amuse you during this cold, damp, dark January. I was recently reminded of this beautiful picture...
|Leisure Hours (1864) John Everett Millais|
This is a glorious painting, not just for the beautiful rendering of two little girls in their flouncy dresses, but for the technical skill shown in that goldfish bowl. I've seen this one in person and it is just the most perfect glass bowl, so much so that it upstages the little moppets by a mile. It is obviously a way of showing what a brilliant painter he was but I wondered if any other artist used the goldfish bowl as a way of showing off their mad art skills...
|Victorian fish bowl and ornate stand (with ferns, obviously)|
First a little history: Many thousands of years ago in China, some one noticed that the normally grey carp had a habit of throwing out the occasional yellow or orange mutation. With careful breeding, there began a fashion for outdoor pools with these orange or 'golden' fish. In the Tang dynasty (618-907), people began to bring bowls of these decorative fish indoors when hosting parties, but they were mostly kept in the garden. During the Song dynasty (960-1279) it became illegal for anyone outside the imperial family to have a golden fish as yellow was the imperial colour. Finally it was during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) that the fish were brought indoors which enabled very decorative fish to be bred which otherwise might not have survived outdoors. During the seventeenth century, goldfish made their way to Portugal, thence through to the rest of Europe. Their golden scales made them a token of good luck and it was traditional for husbands to give them to their wives as a first anniversary present. Goldfish fortunes fell when they became commonplace but the Victorians, with their love of all things Oriental and exotic, coupled with their ability to make overly ornate stands, fell in love once more with our little golden friends...
|Water Pets (1874) Lawrence Alma Tadema|
Right, where to start, because painting a glass bowl filled with water and fish is indeed a feat of skill and people like to show off. Alma Tadema went for the classical angle although we have no proof that anyone classical had goldfish, unless that very European lady was visiting Ancient China via Greece. Mind you, he's not the only one to lob some goldfish into drape-y art...
|Classical Maiden with Goldfish Oliver Rhys|
Obviously in Classical Times it was popular to go to the Classical Fair and win a Classical Goldfish. Forgive me for saying so but there are levels of oddness going on in that household that I don't quite understand. Firstly, who made that fish bowl stand? It must be the most rubbish one I have ever seen as what is the point? That's too low to be of any help with anything. I bet someone's child made that in woodwork class and now the parent feel obliged to use it. Also why is our Classical Maiden poking her fish with a stick? That family needs sorting out.
|Goldfish (1893) William Stephen Coleman|
Now that is a better height for a bowl and the small stand makes a bit more sense. This 'exotic' image is from the 1893 Pears Annual but where it is set is anyone's guess - is it Turkish? Is it Africa? Arabia? Clacton-on-Sea? Colour me puzzled, but Mr Coleman obviously enjoyed the challenge of the goldfish bowl as he did it again...
|Children at the Marble Pond|
|The Goldfish Bowl|
Goldfish obviously meant 'exotically ancient' to William Stephen Coleman and little girls and goldfish went together like bread and butter. Maybe it was the brief life of the fish (especially if you let your tweenager wade about in the pond) that echoed the briefness of childhood innocence, or the fragile beauty of them both, or possibly their ability to forget the thing you told them ten seconds ago (she says, from experience). Whatever the case, his pictures are clear, bright and very, very commercial.
|The Goldfish Seller George Dunlop Leslie|
This is one of my favourite goldfish related pictures as Leslie does such charming scenes without them being too overly Millais-sickly. His picture is a rarity as it has an actual man present! Why goldfish were particularly a woman/child thing is unclear: Are women beautiful? Useless? Confined to a very small bowl? Anyway, I never really thought how the goldfish got into the Victorian home, but according to this image, a nice looking man came round with a bag full of glass bowls. The logistics of this seem a little fuzzy, so we'll just draw a veil.
When I used to live in Yorkshire, we used to drive past a village called Tingley. The fish shop was called 'Tingley Tropicals' but the 'r' had fallen off so it apparently sold 'Topical' fish. That always amused me. Moving on...
|Young Lady with Fish Bowl Victor Marais Milton|
The depiction of goldfish in the Victorian domestic interior seems to have been a mark of the fashionable and aesthetic. For all intents and purposes, Milton shows us a standard Victorian home but in the middle is a massive trifle bowl filled with fish, and a gauzy woman. They seems to have been transported from another picture, presumably one with lots of tiles and a fan made of ostrich feathers. However, here we are in a mid-century French home with a naughty French lady and her bottom. I'm going to guess that she is someone's mistress and her purpose is merely decorative, like the fish. Unless it is a French custom to feed your fish wrapped in a bit of muslin?
|Girl in a Blue Kimono (1911) Robert Reid Lewis|
Having the fish might have been an extension to the fashion for all things Chinese and Japanese (and everybody-wash-your-knees, as they say in the film Topsy Turvy). This young Edwardian lady tends her fish in front of her Japanese screen, wearing her Kimono. I could easily launch into a discussion here about cultural appropriation (as I did in this post) but we won't get into that now. I do however find that sort of cultural 'loading' in a picture a bit odd, as I do in real life. Does the woman feel very 'Japanese' by wearing her kimono in front of her screen while tending her goldfish and chrysanthemums? I enjoy a baguette as much as the next person but I've never imagined myself French, nor worn a beret while eating it.
|Lady with Japanese Screen and Goldfish (1886) James Cadenhead|
The lady in the above image is Mr Cadenhead's mum and she appears to be embroidering flowers (either daffodils or something more exotic) in a lovely sunshine-y spot. Mummy Cadenhead doesn't seem to be wearing one of those 'big foreign dressing gowns' and is sticking with her very nice mourning dress, thank you very much. And there is not enough room on her side table for her silks and those daffs and that enormous fish bowl. She has the look of a woman who is saying 'I have things to be getting on with you know!'
|The Goldfish Bowl (1870) Charles Perugini|
The bulk of the images I found concerned women gazing into their goldfish bowls deep in thought (which in itself is an irony, if you consider the most common belief of goldfish). Perugini's lady is wandering about with her bowl which seems an awful effort considering it is rather heavy, liable to spill and surely she has servants for that sort of thing? She has the sleeves of a woman who has servants.
|Lady with a Goldfish Bowl Julian Russell Story|
Here we have another woman carrying her goldfish about. I am intriged by her belt and what that has to say about her. She does appear to be wearing an apron so maybe she's a servant but the title is lady with a goldfish bowl, rather than 'woman'.
|An Idle Moment (1885) Alexander John White|
|The Goldfish (1911) Charles Curran|
Unlike White's rather dull brown home and owner above, Curran shows a far more glamorous girl, admiring her glittery fish as she eats grapes. Although White uses the word 'idle' in his title, it seems far more suitable for Curran's home of riches, where you get a big soft pillow and some nibbles. Lovely.
|The Goldfish Bowl (1907) Albert Henry Collings|
We return, in conclusion, to nakedness. Although a very beautiful picture, I can't think that placing your bowl on top of the round-lidded chest, on top of a slippery scarf is the most sensible move, especially when you are mostly naked. Despite ringing a number of Health and Safety bells, the contrast of the midnight blue, the alabaster skin and the tiny orange fish is exquisite. the length of her limbs, holding the shining globe seems to foreshadow Art Deco in a subtle way, and I love how her hair is echoed in the golden tiles of the chest and the embroidery on the pillow. Heavenly.
I have lots and lots more goldfish ladies and so I'll post them on my Facebook page. If you are over on Facebook, feel free to join me on my author page where I post lots of Victorian silliness for your amusement. See you there!